Structure Of TOEFL and Example of Structure TOEFL Test

1. Structure of TOEFL

Test of English as a Foreign Language disingkat TOEFL adalah ujian kemampuan berbahasa Inggris (logat Amerika) yang diperlukan untuk mendaftar masuk ke kolese (college) atau universitas di Amerika Serikat atau negara-negara lain di dunia. Ujian ini sangat diperlukan bagi pendaftar atau pembicara yang bahasa ibunya bukan bahasa Inggris. Ujian TOEFL ini diselenggarakan oleh kantor ETS (Educational Testing Service) di Amerika Serikat untuk semua peserta tes di seluruh dunia. Biasanya tes ini memakan waktu sekitar tiga jam dan diselenggarakan dalam 4 bagian, yaitu bagian: listening comprehension, grammar structure and written expression, reading comprehension, dan bagian writing.

TOEFL biasanya menyajikan tiga bagian tes, yaitu Listening, Structure, dan Reading and Vocabulary. Structure merupakan bagian kedua, yang tak kalah penting dari kedua bagian lainnya, karena skor TOEFL adalah akumulasi dari skor ketiga bagian tes tersebut.

Tes Structure dalam TOEFL mencakup tes pengetahuan, keterampilan, dan penguasaan berbahasa Inggris dengan soal-soal yang memecahnya memerlukan pemahaman yang mendalam sehingga, misalny, satu butir soal akan mencakup pengertian yang cukup luas.

Ada beberapa hal yang dapat Anda lakukan untuk mempersiapkan Struktur TOEFL.

  1. Memahami Struktur Kalimat Dasar.
  2. Memahami Konjungsi dan Kata Menghubungkan, Koordinator, dan Subordinators.
  3. Memahami Subyek-Verb Agreement dan Voice Pasif.
  4. Memahami Mengurangi Klausul Relatif dan Mengurangi Klausul adverbial.
  5. Memahami Frase partisip dan Frase Pengantar.
  6. Memahami Parellelism dan inversi.
  7. Memahami Klausul Noun dan Pertanyaan Embedded.
  8. Memahami Laporan sisipan, gerund, dan infinitif.
  9. Memahami pasif statif dan preposisi.

 

Example :

My brother, Dick, … has just bought a Cadillac.
(A) works in Birmingham,
(B) who works in a private bank,
(C) is working in Melbourne,
(D) is now in London,

Contoh soal di atas, misalnya, akan bisa dijawab dengan cepat dan tepat oleh orang yang memahami predikat kalimat, apositif, relative clause, dan tenses.

 

 

2. TOEFL Structure Test (20 Question)

1. Have you heard the _____ news?

  1. Last
  2. latest
  3. latter
  4. previous

 

2. In summer George _____ plays tennis twice a week

  1. ussually
  2. over
  3. often
  4. occasionally

 

3.Do you know _____ foreign languages?

  1. Some
  2. The
  3. Any
  4. Some of

 

4.Did you know that the Bible _____ into 310 languages?

  1. Being translated
  2. Translated
  3. Has been translated
  4. Has translated

 

5.If the weather _____ bad tomorrow, I won’t go to the beach

a. will

b. will be

c. is

d. were

 

6. I _____ my cousin for five years

a. don’t see

b.saw not

c.haven’t see

d. didn’t see

 

7. Diana said that she ______ a house

a. bought

b. will buy

c. buy

d. had bought

 

8. He always puts _____ salt on his food

a. so much

b. so many

c. such much

d. a lot of

 

9. How much _____ to fly to London?

a. it costs

b. costs it

c. does costs

d. does it costs

 

10. I’m very busy at the moment. I _____ for my English exam

a. prepare

b. have been preparing

c. am preparing

d. am going prepare

 

11. Olympia is one of _____ popular destinations for tourists in Greece

a. very

b. most

c. the most

d. most of all

 

12. Is Ann _____ on holiday?

a. while

b. yet

c. else

d. still

 

13. If he _____ very well, his mother will be sad

a. wouldn’t study

b. won’t study

c. hadn’t study

d. doesn’t study

 

14. When did you discover that your car _____?

a. disappearing

b. was disappeared

c. had disappeared

d. had been disappeared

 

15. My nephew Tom is very good _____ maths

a. for

b. in

c. at

d. about

 

16. I ______ take my son to the doctor

a. have got to

b. ought

c. should to

d. must to

 

17. It might rain. You’d better ______

a. take an umbrella

b. to take an umbrella

c. taking an umbrella

d. to taking an umbrella

 

18. Which of you _____ to translate it for me?

a. does want

b. wants

c. do want

d. want

 

19. This time tomorrow _____ down the Champs-Elysees

a. I’ll walk

b. I’ll be walking

c. I’ll walking

d. I walk

 

20. _____ you’ve given me!

a. what the good advice

b. what good advice

c. what good advices

d. what a good advice

 

 

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